Very often, people who
suffer from obesity develop diabetes as a result of their weight. Many people
whoíve tried and failed time and time again to reach a healthy weight through
diet and exercise begin to consider exploring whether obesity surgery would be
right for them.
Statistics show that only
about 5 percent of obese people have long-term weight loss success. Many
surgeons who perform weight loss surgery believe that obesity itself is a
disease. They believe that the operation is the best way to help obese people
fight their disease and recover from life-threatening health problems.
Itís true that when people
have the surgery and lose weight, obesity-related diabetes often improves or
goes away altogether. In many cases, patients who stick with a healthy food and
exercise regimen are able to maintain good health.
But the surgery isnít for
everyone. Weight loss surgery creates a need for a strong commitment to change
your lifestyleóto eating healthier food in small amounts and to exercising
nearly every day.
Strict criteria for
The decision to have weight
loss surgery is never made lightly. Typically, patients must meet strict
criteria before their doctors approve the procedure. Common criteria include:
- Body mass index (BMI)
greater than 40
- BMI between 35 and 40
with serious additional conditions, such as diabetes, high cholesterol, apnea,
high blood pressure
- Age over 18 years old
- Proof that youíve tried
and failed to lose weight numerous times
If you meet the initial
criteria, thereís generally additional health screening and a psychiatric
evaluation to undergo as well. The decision to have the surgery is one you and
your doctor make together.
Lap band weight loss
surgery is minimally invasive
The newest weight loss
procedure that doctors are beginning to offer in the U.S. is called lap band
surgery. Surgeons generally perform the procedure in a minimally invasive way,
called laparoscopy. Smaller incisions are made, which makes recovery quicker and
During the procedure,
surgeons place an inflatable silicon band across the upper part of the stomach.
This creates a small pouch, making it necessary to eat smaller amounts of food.
Tubes connect the band to a port, which is placed under the skin. (As patients
lose weight, the band may become loose, so the surgeon can make the band tighter
by injecting it with saline solution.)
After the surgery, patients
are able to eat only about 2 to 3 ounces of food at a time, for the rest of
their lives. However, they usually feel full and satisfied from that small
Lap band surgery is
different from another kind of weight loss surgery you may have heard about.
That procedure, called roux-en-Y gastric bypass, also creates a smaller stomach.
But in addition to a smaller stomach, the roux-en-Y procedure makes a bypass
that ensures that food doesnít enter a large amount of intestine. With the
roux-en-Y, people are able to eat only certain types of food. They have to be on
a strict regimen of vitamins and other supplements.
With the lap band surgery,
patients can eat most types of food. They simply have to cut back on the amount.
Weight loss is usually more gradual with the lap bad procedure.
Lap band gastric
surgeryóhigh safety profile, but there are complications
The lap band procedure has a
high safety profile. Surgeons in Europe and Australia have been performing lap
band surgery for 11 years, and the results have been good. The procedure has
been approved in the U.S. for several years, and results here have been good as
As with any surgical
procedure, complications can occur. Infection is one. Additionally, thereís a
small risk that the band around the stomach can move out of place. And thereís a
risk of mechanical failure of the band. Surgeons are able to remove the band
quickly if it becomes problematic.
Life after surgery has
Life after obesity can be
highly rewarding as you lose weight, learn to eat well and commit to an exercise
regimen. Patients begin to feel better as the serious health conditions they may
have had before the surgery begin to become less severe.
But there are challenges
too. Learning to adjust to a new body image can be more difficult than some
people expect. Relationships with spouses sometimes become unexpectedly
strained, because the dynamics are different now. Having strict limitations on
the amount of food you can eat gets tiresome sometimes.
Thatís why itís important to
take part in all the follow-up care thatís offered. Support groups and
counseling can help you adjust to the big changes that are happening in your
life. Talking with nutritionists and dietitians can help you determine just what
you should be eating. Exercise professionals can help you design a workout plan
that meets your needs.
Weight loss surgery is a
tool that people have used to get back on track to lead a healthy lifestyle.
Itís not a quick fix. But for people who have tried and failed to lose weight,
over and over again, the surgery offers new hope.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders.